The OSDS group shares with the different groups, associations and organizations the general principles of the political proposal of a single state in historic Palestine, but differences of approach persist between the components of this movement and this is the case with ” The Campaign for a Unique Democratic State in Palestine “One Democratic State Campaign (ODSC)
Here are the main divergent lines:
- Constitutional Democracy or Binational State!
The first article of the political program of the campaign speaks of a constitutional democratic state, whereas earlier versions of the same text established a direct link between the constitutional democratic system and the “binational” state. In this new text of the political program, the binational character of the projected state is absent but nevertheless remains latent. It manifests itself under the cover of the “Multicultural State“.
Of course, we can only accept the principle of the protection of minorities by the Constitution, a protection which in certain cases requires confrontation/opposition with the principle of primacy and superiority of parliamentary legislation and decisions considered legitimate because representative of the “popular” will power. In this case, the Constitution through a constitutional system and its executive tools will play the role of a supreme authority with extensive powers superior to parliamentary legislative powers. For example, the constitutional system will have the right to oppose the “popular” majority will if the majority has adopted laws seen as unfair to a minority.
In a true democracy, the constitutional system is an important structural element, but Article 4 of the ODSC program guarantees constitutionally protected freedom of organization for national, ethnic and religious groupings.
We can only emphasize that the invocation of this constitutional democracy is only intended to abandon the democratic principle which is organically linked to the secular idea of citizenship, characterized by an articulated political and social system. It is a “state of its citizens” regardless of sex, gender, nationality, ethnicity or religion.
The secular democratic state of citizenship will protect minorities as communities and as individuals by guaranteeing them full rights to practice their religious rites without allowing them to establish religiously colored political organizations and / or ethnic exclusive.
Organizing on religious, confessional and ethnic bases is only possible in the fields of language, art, culture, education but not in the field of politics (political parties) because it is contrary to the principles of the secular state. The sectarian political parties are expressions that cannot be claiming constitutional legitimacy in the name of the collective rights protected by the Constitution. They are incompatible with the principle of the neutrality of the state and its superiority over ethnic, linguistic, religious and national affiliations.
Therefore, we cannot accept this constitutional democracy tailored to the bi-national state, which does not openly mention its name in this program. The binational state is back through constitutional democracy.
In fact, only the secular and democratic state can protect both individuals and minorities at the same time and fully guaranteeing their political, cultural and religious rights and thus their fundamental freedoms.
- Separation between state and religion
The ODSC political program does not mention the question of separations between the state and religion and the religious institution (church, mosque, synagogue); Likewise, it favors religious marriage (endogamous, intra-community unions) to the detriment of exogamous marriages of the “civil”, inter-community type.